45th Infantry Division Museum added 2 new photos.
IN 1917, WHEN THE US DECLARED WAR ON GERMANY, THERE WAS NOT ONE HELMET IN THE US ARMY!
At the outbreak of World War I, none of the combatants provided steel helmets to their troops. Soldiers of most nations went into battle wearing cloth, felt, or leather headgear that offered no protection from modern weapons.
The huge number of lethal head wounds that modern artillery weapons inflicted upon the French Army led them to introduce the first modern steel helmets in the summer of 1915. The first French helmets were bowl-shaped steel "skullcaps" worn under the cloth caps. These rudimentary helmets were soon replaced by the Model 1915 Adrian helmet, designed by August-Louis Adrian. The idea was later adopted by most other combatant nations.
Despite the hard learned lessons of the belligerents in Europe, the American army in 1917 still had no protective head gear for its soldiers.
The Brodie helmet is a steel combat helmet designed and patented in London in 1915 by John Leopold Brodie became the Helmet, steel, Mark I in Britain, and the M1917 Helmet in the U.S.
Colloquially, it was called the shrapnel helmet, Tommy helmet, tin hat, and in the United States the doughboy helmet. Worn by British Commonwealth soldiers during WW2 it was sometimes known as Panic Hat. It was also known as the dishpan hat, tin pan hat, washbasin, battle bowler (when worn by officers)
The US version, the M1917, was copied from the British Mk 1 steel helmet of 1916, and, in 1936, the US M1917 was modified with a new liner and became known as the Kelly helmet. The Kelly was still the US Army’s issue helmet through 1941, and was what American soldiers, sailors, and marines were wearing during the attack on Pearl Harbor.
During the Great War the German soldier called the Brodie helmet the Salatschüssel (salad bowl).