45th Infantry Division Museum

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45th Infantry Division Museum
45th Infantry Division Museum is listed in the Museums category in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma. Displayed below is the only current social network for 45th Infantry Division Museum which at this time includes a Facebook page. The activity and popularity of 45th Infantry Division Museum on this social network gives it a ZapScore of 63.

Contact information for 45th Infantry Division Museum is:
2145 NE 36th St
Oklahoma City, OK 73111
(405) 424-5313

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45th Infantry Division Museum has an overall ZapScore of 63. This means that 45th Infantry Division Museum has a higher ZapScore than 63% of all businesses on Zappenin. For reference, the median ZapScore for a business in Oklahoma City, Oklahoma is 36 and in the category is 55. Learn more about ZapScore.

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28 June, 1942 - German troops launched an offensive to seize Soviet oil fields in the Caucasus, and the city of Stalingrad. In the summer of 1942, German and German-allied forces launched an offensive at the Volga and Caucasus regions in an attempt to secure the industrially active and resource-rich Transcaucasian region. The German Sixth Army was tasked with seizing the city of Stalingrad (now Volgograd) on the banks of the Volga. While initially a subsidiary effort, the Battle of Stalingrad soon developed into a major battle due to tenacious Soviet resistance and a major Soviet counter-attack. The German forces in Stalingrad were forced to surrender after being surrounded. The decisive German defeat at Stalingrad was a major turning point in the Second World War. The German forces in the Caucasus were forced to retreat, lest a second, much worse, envelopment developed. After their defeat, the Germans lost the strategic initiative on the Eastern Front. The Battle of Stalingrad is also notable for being one of the largest and costliest battles in history.

25 June, 1950 The Korean War begins. Armed forces from communist North Korea smash into South Korea, setting off the Korean War. The United States, acting under the auspices of the United Nations, quickly sprang to the defense of South Korea and fought a bloody and frustrating war for the next three years. Korea, a former Japanese possession, had been divided into zones of occupation following World War II. U.S. forces accepted the surrender of Japanese forces in southern Korea, while Soviet forces did the same in northern Korea. Like in Germany, however, the “temporary” division soon became permanent. The Soviets assisted in the establishment of a communist regime in North Korea, while the United States became the main source of financial and military support for South Korea. On June 25, 1950, North Korean forces surprised the South Korean army (and the small U.S. force stationed in the country), and quickly headed toward the capital city of Seoul. The United States responded by pushing a resolution through the U.N.’s Security Council calling for military assistance to South Korea. (Russia was not present to veto the action as it was boycotting the Security Council at the time.) With this resolution in hand, President Harry S. Truman rapidly dispatched U.S. land, air, and sea forces to Korea to engage in what he termed a “police action.” The American intervention turned the tide, and U.S. and South Korean forces marched into North Korea. This action, however, prompted the massive intervention of communist Chinese forces in late 1950. The war in Korea subsequently bogged down into a bloody stalemate. In 1953, the United States and North Korea signed a cease-fire that ended the conflict. The cease-fire agreement also resulted in the continued division of North and South Korea at just about the same geographical point as before the conflict. The Korean War was the first “hot” war of the Cold War. Over 55,000 American troops were killed in the conflict. Korea was the first “limited war,” one in which the U.S. aim was not the complete and total defeat of the enemy, but rather the “limited” goal of protecting South Korea. For the U.S. government, such an approach was the only rational option in order to avoid a third world war and to keep from stretching finite American resources too thinly around the globe. It proved to be a frustrating experience for the American people, who were used to the kind of total victory that had been achieved in World War II. The public found the concept of limited war difficult to understand or support and the Korean War never really gained popular support. The lesson…if you go to war, go to win.

45th Infantry Division Museum added 2 new photos.
22 June, 1942 - The Japanese submarine I-25 shelled Fort Stevens at the mouth of the Columbia River. * * * * The Japanese submarine I-25, commanded by Tagami Meiji, had been assigned to sink enemy shipping and attack the enemy on land with their 14 cm deck gun. Transporting a Yokosuka E14Y seaplane, the submarine was manned by a crew of 97. On 21 June 1942, I-25 had entered US coastal waters, following allied fishing boats to avoid the mine fields in the area. Late that night, Commander Meiji ordered his crew to surface his submarine at the mouth of the Columbia River. His target was Fort Stevens, which dated to the American Civil War and armed with now more or less obsolete Endicott era (1885 – 1902) artillery, including 12-inch coast defense mortars, and several 10 in (250 mm) disappearing guns. Meiji ordered the deck gun crew to open fire on Fort Stevens' Battery Russell. Surprisingly, his shots were harmless, in part because the fort's commander ordered an immediate blackout. The commander also refused to permit his men to return fire, which would have revealed their position. Most Japanese rounds landed in a nearby baseball field or a swamp, although one landed close to Battery Russell and another next to a concrete pillbox. One round severed several large telephone cables, the only real damage that Meiji caused. Seventeen 5.5 in (14 cm) explosive shells had been fired at the fort. American Army Air Corps planes on a training mission spotted the I-25 and called in her location for an A-29 Hudson bomber to attack. The bomber found the I-25, but she successfully dodged the falling bombs and submerged undamaged. Even though there were no injuries and very little damage, the Japanese attack on Fort Stevens helped create the 1942 West Coast invasion scare. Thereafter, rolls of barbed wire would be strung from Point Adams southward in case of an invasion. The wrecked steamer Peter Iredale was entangled in the wire and would remain so until the war's end. The Fort Stevens shelling was the only time that a continental United States military installation was attacked by the Axis Powers during World War II.

45th Infantry Division Museum added 2 new photos.
I am very pleased to announce that starting today, 20 Jun, 2017, the 45th Infantry Division Museum is replacing all lighting in the entire building with L.E.D. lamps! This will save the taxpayer a mountain of money in the long haul, and best of all...it is a virtually harmless way to illuminate the museum without harming the artifacts! And, they are on a rheostat so the candles per square foot can be adjusted! I'm as happy as a twister in a trailer park!

19 June, 1942 - British Prime Minister Winston Churchill arrived in Washington, DC, to discuss the invasion of North Africa with U.S. President Roosevelt.